Archive for December, 2007

December 25th, 2007

December 30 Diwan

Posted in Announcements by London Sikh Society

Sarb-Samrath, Sarb-Shiroman, Parm Satkaryog, Sri Khalsa Jio

Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh

The coming Diwan is our last regular Diwan of the present year. The Langar Seva is by families of Bibi Manjit Kaur Yashpal, Bibi Gurinder Virdee, and Bibi Simar Kaur Bassi. All are cordially invited. We also like to inform you that on New year’s eve we shall have Kirtan at the Gurdwara Sahib after Rehras Sahib till midnight.

World over, Sri Guru Khalsa Ji is celebrating the Adutti Shaheedi of four Sahibzadaji of Sri Kalghidha Pita Ji. Bhai Amrik Singh, our Granthi Singh ji explained in our last Diwan the significance of this Shaheedi. It is a reminder to us all to wake up and follow the dictates of Guru Greeb Niwaz Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji to take Amrit Pahul and relinquish our ways and follow the Rehat of Sri Guru Ji. Without Rehat we can not call ourselves Sikhs of the Guru. And the person without a Guru is said to be someone who is less than a dog, a swine, donkey, crow, snake, and a deranged mental patient. Even the name of the Nigura person is not worth mentioning. This is what Satguru Ji has said in Gurbani about persons who do not take Amrit Pahul and live according to the dictations of the Guru.

We need to highlight the last words that were uttered by Chhottay Sahibzadas at the court (Sabha) of the ruler of Sirhind in defiance of all atrocities and greedy offerings to the young Sahibzadas to lure them to adopt Islam. The Sahibzadas reminded all present that: Humrey panth reet imm aaeee. sees deit par Dharm na jaeee. They never entered the court of Wazir Khan with lowered heads as they the authorities intended to by making the entrance door very small. The Sahibzadas always went with their feet first to symbolically protest and declare that all the royality and worldly powers that the Subedar of Sirhind displayed , we kick them with our feet and shoes. It is also important to remember that the person responsible for the treachery of having Sahibzadas and Mata Gujri ji arrested by Thanedar of Morida was a Hindu Brahmin Gangoo, who had served Guru ahib in Guru Ka Langar for 20 years. This indicates how the soul of Gangoo was still filthy and he remained capable of betraying Guru Sahib even after doing socalled Seva for twenty years. This highlights how some people come in presence of Guru’s Darbar for their selfish reasons and remain dirty minded as ever before. all outwardly actions of such people are just show-off. Brahmin angoo’s Rooh is still active in various forms. This Gangoo-Rooh betrayed Sikhs at crucual junctures in history. All we need to see the role of Raja Dhian Singh and Gulab Singh Dogras, Indira Gandhi,s ole in attacking Darbar Sahib, Rajiv Gandhi’s green signal to brutal murders after her assasination (Big tee falling Proclamation), and many more instances. It is important to highlight as well that Gangoo Brahmin was the one of Real Ancesters of Jawahar Lal Nehru family. Dr Sangat Singh ji has given details as to how Nehru family is related to Gangar Ram Kaul of Kashmir who achieved employment in Guruji’s Langar and later betrayed Him. The name Nehru came because the Ganga Ram’s family got a big estate as gift from Forrukshiar for doing great Seva of getting Guru ke Lal arrested and killed in cold blood. We underscore the fact the such Gangoo-soul cannot ever be trusted.

It was also highlighted by Harkinder Singh that on the night of arrival at Chamkaur Sahib in the old Garhi of Guru Sahib ji, Wadday Sahibzadaey and Sikhs, all were very tired due to long and tedious march from Anundpur Sahib, Sikhs wated to remain on night time guard duty taking turns. But Guru Sahib ji took the weapons from the Sikh at the gurad duty, and told him to go to sleep as the beloved Sikhs f the Guru needed to rest for the test of will powers the next morning (shaheedi time). Guru Sahib was the only person awake that fateful winter night at Chamkaur – is the glaring event as to how much Guru Sahib loved his Sikhs. Prior to this Guru Sahib remained at guard duty in Hoshiarpur at the fron to door of the prostitute to protect the wavering mind of Bhai Joga Singh that night. Guru Sahib still remains on Gurad for a Sikh who seeks His Protection: Tateee wao na lageee parbruhm sarnaeee..Chaugird humarey Ramkaar dukh laggey na bhaeee…Nanak sodhay simrat vede|| Parbruhm Gur nahi bhed…Guru protects Sikh at all times as long as Sikh submits to hi Guu thoroughly. Guru is never gone anywhere. He is ; Sada anggsanggay abhungum bhibhootay….Dukalum parnassi dalum saroopay…..

 As a tribute to the unmatched martyrdom of the Sahibzadas, we submit for Sadh sangat’s consumption the following article. Please spare few moments and remember the young sons of Sri guru Greeb Niwaz Pita ji. 

Sahibzada Ajit Singh & Sahibzada Jujhar Singh

Marn munsa(n) suriyan haq hai, Jae hoe maren parvano
Soore sae aakhiyhai dargeh paaveh saachi maano�

 Born in 1686 Sahibzada Ajit Singh was brought up as a strong saint soldier. He matured into a powerful young man who was well versed in Sikh way of life. Under Guru Gobind Singh’s guidance, he learnt the art of war and weilded weapons skillfully. He was also an adept rider, a natural leader and a forceful commander.�2 In his infancy he was made well versed to Gurbani. He learnt the Sikh History and the Philosophy. He became an expert and unmatched warrior as he mastered the manly arts such as horse riding, swordsmanship, archery. As the years passed he turned out to be young, handsome tall, strong and natural leader. He got Khande Baate de Pahul� right in March – April 1699, when the first batches of Khalsa were being baptized immediately after the Khalsa was born On 30th March 1699.
All of us are aware that Sahibzada Ajit Singh obtained his martyrdom, while fighting in Chamkaur in 1704 when he entered the fray with the Blessings of Dasmesh. That was the culmination point of his great life. His intelligence and callibre was first put to test by Guru Sahib when he was just 12 years of age. Sikh Sangat coming from Pothohar, in the north west of Punjab ( now in Pakistan), was looted by Ranghars of Nuh, near Anand Pur Sahib. Guru Sahib on getting the news deputed the Sahibzada with 100 Sikh- soldiers to take on the Rangarhs. The Khalsa force under his command reached the village Nuh on 23rrd May 1699, severly punished the culprits and brought back the looted property. Again on 15 March 1701, another group pf devotees coming from Darap area (present Sialkot Pakistan) was looted by Gujjars and Ranghars.They were also taught a lesson by the Sahibzada.
At another such incident where one young Brahmin came crying to Guru Darbar saying that his newly wedded wife was taken away by force by a Pathan of Bassi, near Hoshiarpur., Sahibzada came forrward for help. On 7th march 1703, he took 100 horsemen along with him and bounced upon the Pathans of Bassi. He recovered the wife of the Brahmin, caught hold of the culprits and presented them in Guru Darbar in Anand Pur Sahib, where severe punishment was meted out to them. Brahmin�s wife was honourably restored to him. He fought a full fledged battle as a commander and a soldier in August 1700, when the Hill chiefs supported by the Mughal forces attacked Anandpur Sahib . Sahibzada Ajit Singh was assigned the duty of defending the Taragarh fort that became the first target of attack. He forcefully and successfully repulsed the attack. He also showed his hands in the Nirmohhgarh battle in October 1700.
In the last battle of Anandpur Sahib in 1704 too, Sahibzada Ajit Singh dispalyed his valour, qualities of courage and steadfastness. There was a testing time for the Khalsa, when for various reasons Anand Pur city and forts were vacated in December 1704, and Guru Sahib along with his family and soldiers headed for Ropar. Guru Sahib formed two groups of his men. In the first group were his aged mother Mata Gujri, wives Mata Sunder Kaur, and Mata Sahib Kaur, two younger sons, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh, and other women of the household. The second group comprised of Guru Sahib, two elder Sahibzadas Baba Ajit Singh and Baba Jujhar Singh, Panj Piyaare (five beloved ones) and 400 Sikh soldiers.

After vacating the fort of Anand Pur Sahib, crossing through all odds and obstacles in the way when Guru Sahib reached Chamkaur he was only having forty Singhs with him, including his Sahibzadas and the beloved ones. He at the requst of one Chaudhry Buddhi Chand, occupied his �mud� Garhi or a Kaccha Fort and prepared himself for facing the strong army of the enemy – Ten lakhs in strength. The figure of ten lakhs has been confirmed by many chronicals, including the writers of Gur Sobha,Gur Bilas Patshahi Dasveen, and by Guru Ji himself in his Zafarnamah to Aurangzeb. The strange and unique battle took place on 22nd December 1704.

One thing worth mentioning here is that Khuwaja Mehmood Ali sent one massnger to Guru Sahib with a message. When after delivering a message, he used some derogatory words against the honour and prestige of Guru Sahib, Sahibzada Ajit Singh drew out his sword and warned him that in case he uttered a single word more, his head would be separated from his neck. He told him to run away immediately, and warned him that he would be seen in the battlefield. In how high spirts was Guru’s Sahibzada. The next morning there was a fierce battle. Whereas the force on the side of the Khalsa was dwindled due to Anand Pur Sahib war and the Sirsa mishap, the enemy’s forces were further reinforced and swelled as troops from Malerkotla and Sirhind and from among the local Ranghars and Gujjars, joined them and threw a tight ring around Chamkaur Sahibzada Ajit Singh himself came forward and requested for permission from his Guru – father for showing his feats in the battlefield. Guru ji patted him and gladly sent him to face the enemy. Sahibzada Ajit Singh while going out in the field was accompanied by eight Singhs including Bhai Mohkam Singh, one of the five beloved ones. Sahibzada started his attack with arrows and with his rain like attack, several of the enemy troops parished in no time. When the stock of arrows exhausted he started his attack with the spear. When he attacked a Mughal Sardar, the spear cut through the sheild he was wearing and in no time he met his fate. But as the edge of the spear got entangled in the iron sheild it could not be brought out. The Sahibzada “GURU KA LAL” resorted to attack by ‘talwar’ double-edged sword. While riding a horse he entered into the cluster of the enemy. All the Sikhs accompanying him had already obtained martyrdom. He was also attacked by a spear, but he saved the attack but in the process his horse was injured. Then he resorted to foot fighting and swerved his Talwar very swiftly. Then in the spontaneoues and combined attack resorted to by the enemy, he faced martyrdom. Gurdwara Qatalgarh now marks the spot where he fell, Guru Sahib who was watching the feats of his son from the mud fort (Katchi Haveli or Garhi) and on seeing him falling down in the field and obtaining martyrdom, he himself raised the ‘Jaikara’, ‘Bole So Nihal’ Sat Sri Akal’. One wonders in how high spirits he was even at such a grim situation ! THE CREATOR  HAS YET TO CREATE A FATHER LIKE HIM.
Thus this was perhaps the first martyrdom of a young son before the eyes of his father. The martyrdom was not only before the eyes of the father but actually was inspired by him. This to date is the unique example in world history. But this was not the end but a beginning. What happened next. We shall see it with more curisity now on wards, under the caption

Sahibada Jujhar Singh


BABA JHUJHAR SINGH was the second son of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, who was born on 27th September 1690 at Anand Pur Sahib. At the time of Chamkaur War he was just in the fifteenth year of age. But having got ‘Khande Baate Di Pahul’ in March/April 1699 along with his elder brother and other Khalsa brotherhood, he was also in very high spirits .
He too learnt at the very early age, martial arts including horse riding, archery and swordsmanship ‘Gatka’ etc. He was also well versed in gurmat gyaan and Gurbani study . While crossing Sirsa river he showed his strength by facing the enemy and by crossing the river while riding a horse. Then in Chamkaur, when Guru Sahib was defending the haveli or katcha fort, and was providing cover to the fighting Sant Sipahis in the open field, by raining the showers of arrows upon the enemy forces, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh was fully assisting him and was also carrying over attack upon the enemy with the arrows. His inherent qualities and characateristics as Guru Gobind Singh�s worthy son came to the fore when his elder brother Sahibzada Ajit Singh fell, very much before his eyes, in the battle field. He felt the pain of martydom when he saw his elder brother falling while facing a locust or a swam of the enemy. Principal Satbir Singh writes, seeing his elder brother getting martyerd, Baba Jhujhar Singh was fully inspired and loudly uttered ,� O brother !, wait a while, I am also coming.�. Then he came to his father, his commander, his Guru, �Faujan Wala Guru� and asked for his benign permission to follow the foot steps of his brother. It was seeking permission to die in the battlefield, because in the circumstances whosoever might have gone in the field with whatever equipment and ammunition, the martyrdom was iminent. What a great courage, determination, will – power and zeal to fight, the young lad of 14 years might be having in his heart.
BABA JHUJHAR SINGH was the second son of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, who was born on 27th September 1690 at Anand Pur Sahib. At the time of Chamkaur War he was just in the fifteenth year of age. But having got ‘Khande Baate Di Pahul’ in March/April 1699 along with his elder brother and other Khalsa brotherhood, he was also in very high spirits . He too learnt at the very early age, including horse riding, archery and swordsmanship ‘Gatka’ etc. He was also well versed in gurmat gyaan and Gurbani study . While crossing Sirsa river he showed his strength by facing the enemy and by crossing the river while riding a horse. Then in Chamkaur, when Guru Sahib was defending the haveli or katcha fort, and was providing cover to the fighting Sant Sipahis in the open field, by raining the showers of arrows upon the enemy forces, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh was fully assisting him and was also carrying over attack upon the enemy with the arrows. His inherent qualities and characateristics as Guru Gobind Singh�s worthy son came to the fore when his elder brother Sahibzada Ajit Singh fell, very much before his eyes, in the battle field. He felt the pain of martydom when he saw his elder brother falling while facing a locust or a swam of the enemy. Principal Satbir Singh writes, seeing his elder brother getting martyerd, Baba Jhujhar Singh was fully inspired and loudly uttered ,� O brother !, wait a while, I am also coming.�. Then he came to his father, his commander, his Guru, �Faujan Wala Guru� and asked for his benign permission to follow the foot steps of his brother. It was seeking permission to die in the battlefield, because in the circumstances whosoever might have gone in the field with whatever equipment and ammunition, the martyrdom was iminent. What a great courage, determination, will – power and zeal to fight, the young lad of 14 years might be having in his heart.
It was a testing time for the father too. Was he in a dilemma as he had lost his eldest son just a few minutes before? To,permit a young son to die just before his eyes was not an easy test for a loving father. But Guru Dasmesh who was on a divine mission could not be found wanting. Guru, the father, said, please wait for a while, then he kissed him, hugged him and sent him into the field with his blessings. Guru Dasmesh sent two out of the five beloved ones, Bhai Himmat Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh and three more Singh�s, alongwith Sahibzada Jujhar Singh. Baba Jujhar Singh entered the battle field with full vigour and took his spear in his hands. He was surrounded by the enemy but he continued his crusade with his spear and put several of the enemy ranks on the ground, He pierced their chests with unprecedented power and courage. Then he used his Khanda ( double edged sword � a Sikh insignia – extensively. When he was closely encircled by the enemy, Guru Sahib showered arrows from the fort, the result of which was the circle around Sahibzada was broken. Sahibzada continued his attack. He was again encircled . Pricipal Satbir Singh holds that in the hoards of the enemy how long could Six Singhs could continue. But they showed to the world as to how they stood to the word of Guru Sahib,
Swaa laakh se aik ladhaaoon , Tabhai Gobind Singh naam kahaaoon. �If I am able to pit my one Sikh, against One lakh and twenty five thousand, only then I shall (be justified in calling) call my name as Gobind Singh�. Such was the spirit inculcated in the Khalsa by its creator.
Ultimately the inevitable happened and Sahibzada fell in the field, and became a part of the list, of the brave Sikh soldiers, who fought against the tyrrinical and fanatic forces against whom the Sikh Gurus starting from Guru Nanak were carrying over the crusade to liberate the people and the country. What happened next , is still more unprecedented, unbelievable and unique in nature, and as we proceed to the next chapter,we shall be able to conclude that this could only happen in a Sikh way of life and Sikhi spirit as imbibed in the Khalsa by Dasmesh only.
BABA JHUJHAR SINGH was the second son of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, who was born on 27th September 1690 at Anand Pur Sahib. At the time of Chamkaur War he was just in the fifteenth year of age. But having got ‘Khande Baate Di Pahul’ in March/April 1699 along with his elder brother and other Khalsa brotherhood, he was also in very high spirits . He too learnt at the very early age, including horse riding, archery and swordsmanship ‘Gatka’ etc. He was also well versed in gurmat gyaan and Gurbani study . While crossing Sirsa river he showed his strength by facing the enemy and by crossing the river while riding a horse. Then in Chamkaur, when Guru Sahib was defending the haveli or katcha fort, and was providing cover to the fighting Sant Sipahis in the open field, by raining the showers of arrows upon the enemy forces, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh was fully assisting him and was also carrying over attack upon the enemy with the arrows. His inherent qualities and characateristics as Guru Gobind Singh�s worthy son came to the fore when his elder brother Sahibzada Ajit Singh fell, very much before his eyes, in the battle field. He felt the pain of martydom when he saw his elder brother falling while facing a locust or a swam of the enemy. Principal Satbir Singh writes, seeing his elder brother getting martyerd, Baba Jhujhar Singh was fully inspired and loudly uttered ,� O brother !, wait a while, I am also coming.�. Then he came to his father, his commander, his Guru, �Faujan Wala Guru� and asked for his benign permission to follow the foot steps of his brother. It was seeking permission to die in the battlefield, because in the circumstances whosoever might have gone in the field with whatever equipment and ammunition, the martyrdom was iminent. What a great courage, determination, will – power and zeal to fight, the young lad of 14 years might be having in his heart.It was a testing time for the father too. Was he in a dilemma as he had lost his eldest son just a few minutes before? To,permit a young son to die just before his eyes was not an easy test for a loving father. But Guru Dasmesh who was on a divine mission could not be found wanting. Guru, the father, said, please wait for a while, then he kissed him, hugged him and sent him into the field with his blessings. Guru Dasmesh sent two out of the five beloved ones, Bhai Himmat Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh and three more Singh�s, alongwith Sahibzada Jujhar Singh. Baba Jujhar Singh entered the battle field with full vigour and took his spear in his hands. He was surrounded by the enemy but he continued his crusade with his spear and put several of the enemy ranks on the ground, He pierced their chests with unprecedented power and courage. Then he used his Khanda ( double edged sword � a Sikh insignia – extensively. When he was closely encircled by the enemy, Guru Sahib showered arrows from the fort, the result of which was the circle around Sahibzada was broken. Sahibzada continued his attack. He was again encircled . Pricipal Satbir Singh holds that in the hoards of the enemy how long could Six Singhs could continue. But they showed to the world as to how they stood to the word of Guru Sahib,Swaa laakh se aik ladhaaoon , Tabhai Gobind Singh naam kahaaoon. �If I am able to pit my one Sikh, against One lakh and twenty five thousand, only then I shall (be justified in calling) call my name as Gobind Singh�. Such was the spirit inculcated in the Khalsa by its creator.Ultimately the inevitable happened and Sahibzada fell in the field, and became a part of the list, of the brave Sikh soldiers, who fought against the tyrrinical and fanatic forces against whom the Sikh Gurus starting from Guru Nanak were carrying over the crusade to liberate the people and the country. What happened next , is still more unprecedented, unbelievable and unique in nature, and as we proceed to the next chapter,we shall be able to conclude that this could only happen in a Sikh way of life and Sikhi spirit as imbibed in the Khalsa by Dasmesh only.Sahibzada Zorawar Singh & Sahibzada Fateh Singh
Nikiyaan jindaan, vadde saake� All the concepts of humanity and civilization feel ashamed when the brutal and torturous death caused to little buds of six and eight years of age is brought out in black and white on the surface of a paper. The little kids of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, were buried alive in a wall, just because they happened to be the sons of Guru �Kalgian Wala�, and who even at that tender age and at the stage of innocence refused to budge from their stand of non �conversion to Islam and did not succumb to the to pressures and threats, and even to allurements for abandoning �Sikhism.
BABA JHUJHAR SINGH was the second son of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, who was born on 27th September 1690 at Anand Pur Sahib. At the time of Chamkaur War he was just in the fifteenth year of age. But having got ‘Khande Baate Di Pahul’ in March/April 1699 along with his elder brother and other Khalsa brotherhood, he was also in very high spirits . He too learnt at the very early age, including horse riding, archery and swordsmanship ‘Gatka’ etc. He was also well versed in gurmat gyaan and Gurbani study . While crossing Sirsa river he showed his strength by facing the enemy and by crossing the river while riding a horse. Then in Chamkaur, when Guru Sahib was defending the haveli or katcha fort, and was providing cover to the fighting Sant Sipahis in the open field, by raining the showers of arrows upon the enemy forces, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh was fully assisting him and was also carrying over attack upon the enemy with the arrows. His inherent qualities and characateristics as Guru Gobind Singh�s worthy son came to the fore when his elder brother Sahibzada Ajit Singh fell, very much before his eyes, in the battle field. He felt the pain of martydom when he saw his elder brother falling while facing a locust or a swam of the enemy. Principal Satbir Singh writes, seeing his elder brother getting martyerd, Baba Jhujhar Singh was fully inspired and loudly uttered ,� O brother !, wait a while, I am also coming.�. Then he came to his father, his commander, his Guru, �Faujan Wala Guru� and asked for his benign permission to follow the foot steps of his brother. It was seeking permission to die in the battlefield, because in the circumstances whosoever might have gone in the field with whatever equipment and ammunition, the martyrdom was iminent. What a great courage, determination, will – power and zeal to fight, the young lad of 14 years might be having in his heart.It was a testing time for the father too. Was he in a dilemma as he had lost his eldest son just a few minutes before? To,permit a young son to die just before his eyes was not an easy test for a loving father. But Guru Dasmesh who was on a divine mission could not be found wanting. Guru, the father, said, please wait for a while, then he kissed him, hugged him and sent him into the field with his blessings. Guru Dasmesh sent two out of the five beloved ones, Bhai Himmat Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh and three more Singh�s, alongwith Sahibzada Jujhar Singh. Baba Jujhar Singh entered the battle field with full vigour and took his spear in his hands. He was surrounded by the enemy but he continued his crusade with his spear and put several of the enemy ranks on the ground, He pierced their chests with unprecedented power and courage. Then he used his Khanda ( double edged sword � a Sikh insignia – extensively. When he was closely encircled by the enemy, Guru Sahib showered arrows from the fort, the result of which was the circle around Sahibzada was broken. Sahibzada continued his attack. He was again encircled . Pricipal Satbir Singh holds that in the hoards of the enemy how long could Six Singhs could continue. But they showed to the world as to how they stood to the word of Guru Sahib,Swaa laakh se aik ladhaaoon , Tabhai Gobind Singh naam kahaaoon. �If I am able to pit my one Sikh, against One lakh and twenty five thousand, only then I shall (be justified in calling) call my name as Gobind Singh�. Such was the spirit inculcated in the Khalsa by its creator.Ultimately the inevitable happened and Sahibzada fell in the field, and became a part of the list, of the brave Sikh soldiers, who fought against the tyrrinical and fanatic forces against whom the Sikh Gurus starting from Guru Nanak were carrying over the crusade to liberate the people and the country. What happened next , is still more unprecedented, unbelievable and unique in nature, and as we proceed to the next chapter,we shall be able to conclude that this could only happen in a Sikh way of life and Sikhi spirit as imbibed in the Khalsa by Dasmesh only.Nikiyaan jindaan, vadde saake� All the concepts of humanity and civilization feel ashamed when the brutal and torturous death caused to little buds of six and eight years of age is brought out in black and white on the surface of a paper. The little kids of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, were buried alive in a wall, just because they happened to be the sons of Guru �Kalgian Wala�, and who even at that tender age and at the stage of innocence refused to budge from their stand of non �conversion to Islam and did not succumb to the to pressures and threats, and even to allurements for abandoning �Sikhism.The sequence of events may be briefly discussed as under.

BABA JHUJHAR SINGH was the second son of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, who was born on 27th September 1690 at Anand Pur Sahib. At the time of Chamkaur War he was just in the fifteenth year of age. But having got ‘Khande Baate Di Pahul’ in March/April 1699 along with his elder brother and other Khalsa brotherhood, he was also in very high spirits . He too learnt at the very early age, including horse riding, archery and swordsmanship ‘Gatka’ etc. He was also well versed in gurmat gyaan and Gurbani study . While crossing Sirsa river he showed his strength by facing the enemy and by crossing the river while riding a horse. Then in Chamkaur, when Guru Sahib was defending the haveli or katcha fort, and was providing cover to the fighting Sant Sipahis in the open field, by raining the showers of arrows upon the enemy forces, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh was fully assisting him and was also carrying over attack upon the enemy with the arrows. His inherent qualities and characateristics as Guru Gobind Singh�s worthy son came to the fore when his elder brother Sahibzada Ajit Singh fell, very much before his eyes, in the battle field. He felt the pain of martydom when he saw his elder brother falling while facing a locust or a swam of the enemy. Principal Satbir Singh writes, seeing his elder brother getting martyerd, Baba Jhujhar Singh was fully inspired and loudly uttered ,� O brother !, wait a while, I am also coming.�. Then he came to his father, his commander, his Guru, �Faujan Wala Guru� and asked for his benign permission to follow the foot steps of his brother. It was seeking permission to die in the battlefield, because in the circumstances whosoever might have gone in the field with whatever equipment and ammunition, the martyrdom was iminent. What a great courage, determination, will – power and zeal to fight, the young lad of 14 years might be having in his heart.It was a testing time for the father too. Was he in a dilemma as he had lost his eldest son just a few minutes before? To,permit a young son to die just before his eyes was not an easy test for a loving father. But Guru Dasmesh who was on a divine mission could not be found wanting. Guru, the father, said, please wait for a while, then he kissed him, hugged him and sent him into the field with his blessings. Guru Dasmesh sent two out of the five beloved ones, Bhai Himmat Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh and three more Singh�s, alongwith Sahibzada Jujhar Singh. Baba Jujhar Singh entered the battle field with full vigour and took his spear in his hands. He was surrounded by the enemy but he continued his crusade with his spear and put several of the enemy ranks on the ground, He pierced their chests with unprecedented power and courage. Then he used his Khanda ( double edged sword � a Sikh insignia – extensively. When he was closely encircled by the enemy, Guru Sahib showered arrows from the fort, the result of which was the circle around Sahibzada was broken. Sahibzada continued his attack. He was again encircled . Pricipal Satbir Singh holds that in the hoards of the enemy how long could Six Singhs could continue. But they showed to the world as to how they stood to the word of Guru Sahib,Swaa laakh se aik ladhaaoon , Tabhai Gobind Singh naam kahaaoon. �If I am able to pit my one Sikh, against One lakh and twenty five thousand, only then I shall (be justified in calling) call my name as Gobind Singh�. Such was the spirit inculcated in the Khalsa by its creator.Ultimately the inevitable happened and Sahibzada fell in the field, and became a part of the list, of the brave Sikh soldiers, who fought against the tyrrinical and fanatic forces against whom the Sikh Gurus starting from Guru Nanak were carrying over the crusade to liberate the people and the country. What happened next , is still more unprecedented, unbelievable and unique in nature, and as we proceed to the next chapter,we shall be able to conclude that this could only happen in a Sikh way of life and Sikhi spirit as imbibed in the Khalsa by Dasmesh only.Nikiyaan jindaan, vadde saake� All the concepts of humanity and civilization feel ashamed when the brutal and torturous death caused to little buds of six and eight years of age is brought out in black and white on the surface of a paper. The little kids of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, were buried alive in a wall, just because they happened to be the sons of Guru �Kalgian Wala�, and who even at that tender age and at the stage of innocence refused to budge from their stand of non �conversion to Islam and did not succumb to the to pressures and threats, and even to allurements for abandoning �Sikhism.The sequence of events may be briefly discussed as under.It has been mentioned above (page ) that while crossing swollen river Sirsa, the family and Sikhs of Guru Sahib were separated and his mother Gujri along with her two younger grand sons lost their way and were spotted by Kuma Mashki, one of their sevadars (servants), and took them to his house and provided them shelter for a night. On the next day they were taken to the village Heri by Gangu Brahamin, who happened to be their ex – cook. Some jewelry of the grand old mother that she was carrying with her was stolen during the night. She just told the same to Gangu Brahmin, the next day morning. Although the mother knew that Gangu himself took the same away, yet she, keeping in view the circumstances, did not blame him. But Gangu, feeling that he has been blamed; just in a most treacherous meaner informed the local Mugal authorities about their presence in his house. The authorities immediately came into action, arrested them and sent them to the Nawab of Sarhind, who was directly involved in the fights with Guru Gobind Singh Sahib.

The Nawab took them as a �prized catch�. He imprisoned them and put them in the open and that too at the top of a �minaret�, known in common language as �Thanda burj� in cold December nights. Next day morning, the kids were summoned to his court. He put before them the alternatives of either conversion to Islam and offered them several allurements and in the alternative threatened them to face death. The children opted for the later. They were given time to think over again and again. The process continued for two or three days. The little kids of Guru Dasmesh did not yield and were ultimately bricked alive in a wall on the sentence �fatwa� issued by a Qazi at the instigation of Dewan Sucha Nand. (Some details have been given above on page under the caption Mata Gujri and need not be repeated here).

It may however just be mentioned that a Nawab, Sher Mohammad, of Malerkotla objected to the gruesome killings, but his voice was not heard. The grand old mother who was instrumental in putting in the little kids the spirit of Gursikhi that made them strong enough to embrace martyrdom at that budding age, also breathed her last, after she last sent them to the Darbar, but before the news of the tragic end of the tiny souls reached her.

JAGJIT SINGH

NEW DELHI

———— ——— ——— —

2 Dr. Santokh Singh � the Guru�s Word and Illustrated Sikh History pp.176.

4 Principal Satbir Singh �Purakh Bhagwant pp.181. Quoting Mohammad Latif ,he writes, � utter another word and I will smite your head from your body. I cut you to pieces, for daring so to address our chief. Pp. 265-66
 

December 22nd, 2007

December 23 Diwan

Posted in Announcements by London Sikh Society

Anoopam, Bibek-budh Sri Khalsa Ji Sadh Sangat

 

Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh

This Sunday Langar seva is by S. Ramandeep Singh Boparai’s family. All are cordially invited. As you know, we had to cancel the Anual General Boy Meeting last week and postponed it to December 23 after Diwan. just to remind all members, the agenda of the AGB meeting is as follows:

 

Approval of last GB meeting minutes

President’s Report

Treasurer’s Report

Selection/Election of new Executive members

Any new resolutions

Update of projects eg. Audio System, Benches

Any Issues with permission of the Chairm S Arundeep Singh Tiwana

Conclusion…Harkinder Singh, Secretary, Executive Committee

 

December 12th, 2007

December 16 Diwan

Posted in Announcements by London Sikh Society

Gurmukh Piarey jio

Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki fateh

On December 16 Diwan, the Langar Seva is by s Jagdev Singh Bal and family. All are cordially invited to attend the function.

Next Lagar Seva on December 23 is by S Ramandeep Singh Boparai’s family. On december 30, the Lanagar Seva is by families of Bibi Manjit Kaur Yashpal, Simar Kaur Bassi and Gurinder Kaur Virdee. All Sadh Sangat is cordially invited by all these families. Thanks o all who are going to help out in Langar seva.

December 16, we have Annual General Body Meeting to be held after Langar at 1:30 Pm in Diwan Hall of the Gurdwara Sahib. All eligible active members are invited to attend. The Agenda is:

—————————————–

Approval of last GB meeting minutes

President’s Report

Treasurer’s Report

Submission by Bhai Amrik Singh ji

Selection/Election of new Executive members

Any new resolutions

Update of projects eg. Audio System, Benches

Any Issues with permission of the Chairm S Arundeep Singh Tiwana

Conclusion…Harkinder Singh, Secretary, Executive Committee

——————————–Please take a few minutes to read very nice article on Satguru Teg Bahadur Sahib on this unique event in history of humankind. The world over the Human Rights Day is being celebrated, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed on December 10, 1948. However, Satguru Ji announced this feedom of choice and beliefs, human rights – this great event in 1675, exactly 332 years ago by offering martyrdom in Chandni Chowk of Delhi……Harkinder Singh 

Martyr’s moment


By temperament, Tegh Bahadur – the ninth Sikh Guru – was contemplative and stayed in seclusion for many years, so it was rather uncharacteristic of him to meet the Pandits fleeing from Kashmir following Aurangzeb’s conversion drive. Pleading their case, Kripa Ram explained to the Guru that converting Kashmiri Pandits was a strategic move. Being an orthodox community, if it converted, others would follow. The Guru reflected on this and told the Pandits to convey to Aurangzeb that if he could be persuaded to embrace Islam, the Pandits would follow.

The Guru was summoned to Delhi and he went there along with three of his close disciples. Having failed to get the Guru to renounce his faith through peace, Aurangzeb’s officials tried violence. They first tortured his associates to death while the Guru watched from an iron cage. First, it was Mati Dass, who after being bound between two pillars, was cut into two. Next came Dayal Dass, who was put in a cauldron of boiling oil. Finally, Sati Dass was covered with cotton and burnt to death. Despite these horrendous deaths, the Guru could not be terrified into submission.

Predictably, he was ordered to be executed. It was on yet another cold morning, 332 years ago, that the executors beheaded the Guru – an act witnessed by thousands. Today, Gurudwara Sis Ganj in Old Delhi stands at the spot where he was beheaded.

This was an epochal event for the Sikhs. The sacrifice of the Guru shook the people into action. The tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, felt that the community needed to take up arms in order to save the faith. Sikhism became the symbol of resistance and with Tegh Bahadur’s martyrdom acquired a new consciousness of its strength and self-reliance. It is this consciousness that resulted in the creation of the Khalsa, a band of Sikh warriors who fought for over a hundred years, creating history by amazing acts of sacrifice, courage and spirituality.

Sikhs all over the world remember in their ardas – or daily prayers – these martyrs with reverence. We remembered them on Monday as martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the principles and beliefs they held dear. Needless to say, while the Sis Ganj gurudwara is visited by thousands of devotees seeking divine blessings every day, Aurangzeb’s grave remains a deserted spot

December 9th, 2007

December 9 Sunday Diwan

Posted in Announcements by London Sikh Society

Gurmukh Jio

Waheguru ji ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki fateh

On Dec 9th the Langar Sewa is by Bhai Maninder Pal Singh ji’s family. All are cordially invited.

Please remember the GB Meeting to be held on Dec 16 after Langar at 1:30 Pm in Diwan Hall. Agenda was posted in our last post of Nov 30. Copy will be on the bulliten board at Gurdwara Sahib as well.

Please find below an essay on Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib’s Shaheedi:

Satguruji carried the conviction – more than four hundred years ago, when religious intolerance and persecution were common all over the world and especially in India – that every individual must have the freedom to worship the faith of his or her choice.

Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Life and His Message

Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth of the ten gurus who founded and established the Sikh religion.  He was born in 1621 C.E. in Amritsar , India . As a leader of the Sikhs, he set out on a number of journeys to spread the message of hope and peace among the masses who were suffering across the land. Wherever he stopped he would get wells dug for the people and community kitchens set up. He preached about honest work and charity and gave away all the offerings that he received from devotees. He’s also remembered for his poetry, much of which is included in the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Scriptures.

He taught liberation from worldly attachment, fear and dependence. He preached that strength should be gained through truth, contemplation upon God, sacrifice and spiritual wisdom.  Guru Tegh Bahadur was firm in his conviction that spiritual progress is a combination of individual effort and collective harmony among people from all strata of society. He envisioned the creation of a just social and economic order, and peaceful co-existence among all human beings.

His vision was all-pervasive as he guided seekers on the right path. In one of his hymns he exhorts devotees, “Listen man, grasp firmly this truth: the whole universe is a dream shattering in an instant; man labours to build a wall of sand, crumbling soon after; as is this wall, so are the pleasures of the world in which thou art entangled. Wake up before it is too late, turn to devotion to the Creator.”  In short he practiced what he preached “His soul ever stays in health who trusts in God and makes an honest living to share with others and injures no one, nor harbors ill-will against another”.

His Sacrifice:

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time when even personal laws were oppressive and the right to worship as per one’s choice was denied, culminating in an atmosphere of fear and severe backlash.

Guru Tegh Bahadur became the spiritual head of the Sikhs just at the time when the Mughal Emperor of India, Aurangzeb, was imposing Islam on the people. He had no tolerance for other religions and proceeded on a brutal campaign of repression. Aurangzeb closed down Hindu schools, demolished temples or turned them into mosques, charged non-Muslims heavy taxes and Emperor persecuted those who would not conform to Islamic law. He forbade Hindus from celebrating their festivals, ordered that only Muslims could be landlords of crown lands, dismissed all Hindu clerks and ordered governors to put a stop to the teachings and practicing of idolatrous forms of worship.

Denied the freedom to follow their faith, the Hindus of Kashmir approached Guru Tegh Bahadur for help and guidance.  The Hindu Brahmin Pandits of Kashmir were among the most highly learned and orthodox of the Hindu leadership. Aurangzeb felt if they could be converted, the rest of the country would easily follow. Given this ultimatum, a large delegation of 500 Kashmiri Pandits met the Guru and explained their dire predicament and requested him to intercede on their behalf.

When an anguished Guru Tegh Bahadur sought a way to help the suffering multitude, his son Guru Gobind Singh, as a nine-year-old, spoke words of encouragement, which energized him to pursue the path of wisdom.  He told the Pandits to inform Aurangzeb that the Brahmins would gladly accept and embrace Islam if Guru Tegh Bahadur can be convinced to do so and made preparations to go to Delhi and sacrifice his life.

As soon as Aurangzeb heard the news he ordered the immediate arrest of the Guru. He ordered Guru Tegh Bahadur to be forced to convert to Islam through torture or be killed.

Guru Tegh Bahadur refused to embrace Islam, saying “For me, there is only one religion – of God – and whosoever belongs to it, be he a Hindu or a Muslim, him I own and he owns me. I neither convert others by force, nor submit to force, to change my faith.”

Guru Tegh Bahadur was subjected to many cruelties; he was kept in an iron cage and starved for many days. The Guru faced a further test to his righteousness when three of his followers were tortured in his presence.   Yet he remained steadfast and  bore these cruelties without flinching or showing any anger or distress.  He preferred the torture of the flesh to sacrificing the ideals of virtue. Finally on November 11, 1675 Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly beheaded as he prayed.

The bodies of those so executed were usually quartered and exposed to public view, but Tegh Bahadur’s followers managed to steal the body under cover of darkness, cremate the limbs in Delhi, and bring the severed head to Tegh Bahadur’s son Gobind Rai, 250 miles away in Anandpur. He performed the last rites for his father.

His Legacy:

The site of Guru Tegh Bahadur’s execution was later turned into an important Gurdwara (Sikh House of Worship) Sisganj in Delhi , India .  Millions of people of all social and religious backgrounds pay homage to the Guru at this shrine. He is honored as a man who died for religious freedom for all peoples, not just Sikhs. The shrine holds the symbolism of war against injustice, a determination to stand up to atrocity, though it may mean sacrifice of the self. 

He taught the ethos of self-sacrifice for the common good of mankind and this is enshrined in his spiritual legacy.  Never in history has the religious leader of one religion sacrificed his life to save the freedom of another religion.

“One untouched by avarice, attachment, egotism and pursuit of evil passions, And one risen above joy and sorrow — know such a one to be God’s own image.” Thus sang Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru sacrificed his life for upholding the principle of freedom of conscience. In today’s world, scarred by religious fanaticism and intolerance Guru Teg Bahadur is truly a hero to be revered and emulated.

Mystic Saint Kabir in one of his verses says, “The true hero is one who in defense of the helpless may be hacked limb to limb, but flees not the field,” and there can be no greater testimonial to the Guru’s unflinching courage which earned him the praise as “one who covered dharma (religion) and protected it.”

Quotations and sayings of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji

Guru Tegh Bahadur’s thoughts on life.

1 ) Message: All our doubts in life are eliminated by being in love with God

Cast off all your doubts; prays Nanak, O mortal, focus your consciousness on His Feet.

2) God is the only Giver

He has given you your body, wealth, property, peace and beautiful mansions.

Says Nanak, O mind  listen: why don’t you remember the Lord in meditation?

3) Abandon ego when you serve others

Those who make pilgrimages to sacred shrines, observe ritualistic fasts and make

donations to charity while still keeping pride in their minds – O Nanak, their actions are useless, like an elephant, who takes a bath, and then rolls in the dust.

4) Eternal Peace and the sanctuary of God

If you yearn for eternal peace, then seek the Sanctuary of the Lord.

Says Nanak, listen mind: this human body is precious and difficult to obtain.

O mind, contemplate that you are continuously in the Sanctuary of God.

5) There is no difference between God and the person who loves God

That person, who meditates in remembrance on the Lord in his heart, is liberated –

Knows this well.

There is no difference between that person and the Lord:

O Nanak, accept this as the Truth.

____________ ________

Abandon egotism, and stay close to saintly persons in devotion; you shall be liberated in an instant.

O servant Nanak, without meditating and vibrating on the Lord God, there is no

peace, even in dreams.

6) God is Merciful and destroyer of fear

God is Merciful to the meek, forever the Destroyer of fear, and yet you do not develop any loving relationship with Him.

7) God is the dispeller of pain

The Name of the Lord is the Dispeller of sorrow – realize this.

____________ ______

Without the Name of the Lord, you shall only find pain.

Without devotional worship, doubt is not dispelled; the Guru has revealed this secret.

8) God is present in you and yet you look for Him elsewhere

The Immaculate Lord is within your heart, and yet you search for Him in the

wilderness.

____________ _________ _________ _______

9) Awaken your mind

Wake up, O mind! Wake up! Why are you sleeping unaware?

That body, which you were born with, shall not go along with you in the end.

Like a dog’s tail, which will never straighten out, the mind will not change, no matter

how many things are tried.

10) God is the only permanent thing in reality.  Everything is transient. So seek God’s Shelter.

Person gripped in anger and feeling of possessiveness and greed is unable to see the true reality or God’s presence.

Thinking that body is permanent but in actuality it is like a dream.  (one day it will be gone)

Whatever we see will disappear one day as does a cloud’s shadow.  

Nanak, Accept this world to be a myth and stay within God’s shelter.

O mind, embrace true contemplation.

11 )Life is precious; Do not waste it; Remain one with God to be free.

O saintly being, always sing God’s praises

The human life is the most prescious gift; Do not loose it or waste it.

Do not forget God, who is the Purest of the pure and Friend of the poor

Always remain in God’s shelter.

Abandon ego and attachment to false things in life.

That is the way to liberation or freedom and or to become a Gurmukh, the liberated one.

You shall not obtain this human body again; make the effort – try to achieve liberation!

Says Nanak, sing praise of the Lord of compassion, and cross over the world ocean and achieve liberation and freedom.

12 )Human body is precious and do not pursue worthless goals in life. Turn your attention to God’s presence around you and inside yourself.

This human body is very precious and valuable; some waste it pursuing worthless things in life.

God is present within and without and yet we do not feel love and connection with God.

Nanak, Consider that person liberated and free, who feels presence of God in his/ her heart and in whose heart God lives.

13 )In life one faces happiness and sadness but one must remain attached to God who is the dispeller of any suffering.

O Saintly being!

One attains true peace and serenity in God’s shelter

The person who is free from the grips of happiness and suffering, consider him/her to be truly realized and wise one.

Written and edited by Dr. Rajwant Singh and Amrit Kaur.  www.sikhcouncilusa. org

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